G Italia Oliveiras

Apelidada de neo-medieval ou neo-feudal pelos opositores ao atual governo italiano, a medida está já inscrita no orçamento do próximo ano: trata-se da cedência a título gratuito de terras agrícolas pertencentes ao Estado, por um período de 20 anos, a casais que se disponham a ter um terceiro filho. A Itália vive, como toda a Europa, uma crise demográfica aguda, a que se associa uma crise migratória também muito grave. Daqui para a frente tudo o que possa contribuir para travar o processo de morte acelerada do país terá que ser feito...  

 

Voice of America

https://www.voanews.com/a/italy-launches-land-for-children-plan-to-fight-declining-birthrate/4640025.html

Italy Launches 'Land for Children' Plan to Fight Declining Birthrate

November 02, 2018 11:10 AM

Sabina Castelfranco

The Italian government has decided it needs to offer incentives to combat the country’s declining birthrate and proposed a new plan it is calling “Land-for-Children.” The agriculture minister says providing free farmland for families who have a third child could create new business ventures for Italian families.

Italy now has the lowest birthrate in Europe, and the populist government of Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte is taking measures because it wants to reverse the trend.

In its draft budget it announced a plan to award land to married couples who have a third child. The idea is not only to combat Italy’s dwindling population but also to ease the state’s burden in maintaining unused farmland.

Italy’s agricultural minister, Gian Carlo Centinaio, says families in rural areas still have children and the government wants to support them. For the next three years, from 2019 to 2021, a family that has a third child can take advantage of the government incentive.

In comments Friday on national television, Centinaio explained the plan, saying Italy is the European country with the largest number of young people in agriculture, and at the same time is where the least number of children are born. During these months, he added, the government has launched the sale of 7,700 hectares of unused land and at the same time given the go-ahead for a contribution of $79 million for young people who launch activities in the agricultural sector.

For years, migrants arriving in Italy were believed to be the solution to a low birthrate in Italy, re-populating abandoned villages and taking on jobs Italians no longer wanted to do. But the present government is not interested in a multi-cultural Italy and wants to limit that phenomenon.

It wants to find ways to support Italian families who have more children, return to farming their land, and limit the number of migrants being allowed into the country. In fact, the incentive is available only to migrants who have resided in Italy for at least 10 years.

Reaction to the government’s plan has been widespread. Some Italian farmers say there is no future in agriculture and ask why should they farm land and build a future on land that does not belong to them. The government has said those who take advantage of the initiative would be able to hold on to the land for 20 years.

The opposition also reacted negatively, describing the plan as “medieval” and declaring that the idea is outrageous and a clear example of the cultural and social mindset of the current government.

https://www.euractiv.com/section/agriculture-food/news/third-child-policy-italys-lega-want-to-give-farmland-for-free-to-large-families/

‘Third-child’ policy: Italy’s Lega wants to give farmland for free to large families

By Gerardo Fortuna | EURACTIV.com

 ‎31‎ de ‎out‎ de ‎2018 (updated:  ‎2‎ de ‎nov‎ de ‎2018)

Italy’s populist government is proposing to give land to families about to have a third child, hoping it would help fight the growing depopulation of rural areas and abandonment of arable land. But it has not been embraced by everyone.

A “neo-medieval measure” for the opposition, a way to support families and tackle rural depopulation for the government: the proposal of granting a parcel to growing families evokes the old-fashioned narrative of land redistribution.

“Praise large estates, cultivate small ones,” the Latin poet Vergil said in the Book II of the Georgics, exalting the rural way of life.

The government might have been inspired by these verses in presenting the measure, which aims to assign for free small state-owned farmland to families with the birth of a third child in the pipeline.

The provision is included in the controversial draft budgetary proposal now under discussion at the Italian Parliament and is meant “to encourage the socio-economic development of rural areas and at the same time to support the family.”

Commission rejects Italian draft budget in unprecedented decision

Half of the parcels of land slotted for the grant scheme consists of agricultural land owned by the state and not usable for other purposes and the other half of abandoned or uncultivated areas in southern Italy.

According to a government source, the measure was initially proposed by Agriculture Minister Gian Marco Centinaio but was also endorsed by Regional Affairs Minister Erika Stefani and Family Affairs Minister Lorenzo Fontana, a former MEP well known for supporting a “traditional” idea of family.

All the three of them are members of Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini’s Lega party.

Contacted by EURACTIV, Italian government sources declined to get into the details on the affordability of the provision since it is still at the proposal stage. They added that there will be a specific and subsequent decree to implement this policy.

The idea of a “return to the land” is reviving in Italy particularly among young people, Minister Centinaio said, adding that the measure is intended to help these wannabe farmers to get lands.

“It is said that in Italy there are few children and the provision provides help to reverse the trend. For this reason, the ministry wants to make a contribution by encouraging in particular the rural areas, where the children continue to born,” he said in an interview with Italian broadcaster Rai.

Another provision included in the draft budget law will set a fund of €20 billion in the next three-year period to grant soft loans up to €200 million for twenty years to buy the main dwelling nearby the assigned land.

Three is the magic number

The distribution of farmland will last at least 20 years and will concern only families with a third child born in 2019, 2020 or 2021.

According to the Italian statistics bureau ISTAT data, the number of families with two children amounted to 3,776,000 in 2017, including couples that cannot have children anymore.

There are still feeble hopes to get free land for 4,203,000 Italian families with only one child, if they now get twins or have one child in the next year and another planned for late in 2021.

Families that have already reached three children or more are being cut off from the measure since it is meant to increase the birthrate, which is particularly low in Italy.

Births in Italy hit a new all-time low in 2017 with only 458,141 new babies, a 2% decrease compared to 2016.

The proposal must also include foreigners residing in Italy for a minimum of 10 years, otherwise it would be exposed to constitutional flaws.

Although the birthrate of non-nationals is also decreasing in Italy, because of mass migration, the incidence of foreign births in the total number of births rose from 4.8% in 2000 to 14.9% in 2012.

Land to the peasants!

Coldiretti, a leading farmer organisation representing half a million farmers, estimates that the agricultural land owned by the state covers half a million hectares out of almost 13 million hectares of surface area used in Italy.

The virtual value of this land is about €9.9 billion. The average price of one hectare in Italy is €20.000, almost double that of Germany and about three times that of France.

“These are fertile lands, even of large dimensions, but most of the time they are under-utilised because they lack an entrepreneurial management capable of enhancing them adequately,” Coldiretti said.

According to Coldiretti, giving these lands to farmers would remove from the state the burden to cultivate the land, but above all, it would have the advantage of responding to the demand of the new generations, for whom the lack of availability of land to cultivate is the main obstacle to entering the sector.

Criticism from the opposition

Gianni Pittella, the former S&D group leader at the European Parliament and now an Italian senator, defined the measure as “neo-medieval” to EURACTIV.

“Policies that support birth rate and families are welcomed, but it would be better to implement in the Italian legal order measures under the European social pillar, such as the leave for mothers and fathers,” he added.

Matteo Di Paolo, the group coordinator in Rome of Emma Bonino’ +Europa party, said that “instead of focusing on the languishing productivity of our agriculture, the government thinks to build up small farms, but then asks for protectionism when it turns out that Italian products are not competitive”.